Take care when choosing a pet litter for the base of your rat's cage. Wood shavings often contain volatile oils that can be harmful to rats. Similarly, while clay cat litter is very effective at absorbing urine and reducing odours, it contains a large amount of dust, which can cause health problems in pet rats. The best option is corn or paper based litters, or shredded paper, which is a good way to recycle your used paper and put it to good use.
As rats are quite active, they tend to tip water and food dishes over with their enthusiasm. To prevent food from being wasted, and your pet's cage getting damp and soiled, water bottles and heavy bottomed food bowls are recommended. Small stainless steel dog bogs work well for food. When choosing a water bottle, look for a large size bottle as rats tend to drink quite a lot. Also, avoid bottles with plastic clips as your rat will quickly chew and destroy these. Rather opt for water bottles with metal or wire fasteners that are rat proof.
|Super Pets International Ferret Play Tunnel|
Pet rats love a cosy sleeping nest to curl up in. Rats love being elevated, so hammocks provide the ideal loft style sleeping area. Nests suitable for rats come in a variety of styles from open slung hammocks to pop-up tents, snuggle pouches and snuggle tunnels that are all effective in providing a comfy sleeping area for your rat. Fleece material provides a soft, warm, and comfortable nest that is easy to wash, and dries quickly.
|Savic Relax Standard Green Ferrets Hammock Rats Bed|
Rats are very inquisitive and love exploring. Try to make their cage interesting by providing multiple levels, connected with ramps, ropes or ladders that they can climb up and down to give them plenty of exercise and keep them busy. If your rat's cage is a single level cage, this can be achieved with wire cut to size and attached to the cage bars with cable ties. Or you can hang a piece of material across the cage using pegs to fix to the cage bars. Have a look at bird ladders made from wood or rope as these will be enjoyed by your rats too, and they offer a great way to add a new dimension to your rat's cage.
|Savic Giant Rat and Ferret Tube|
There are a number of stimulating toys available that will provide your rat with hours of entertainment. Treat balls are a good way to make your rat work for his food and keep him busy. Other toys that will keep your pet stimulated and prevent boredom include wooden see-saws, exercise wheels, chew tubes, tunnels, ladders and climbing walls. When purchasing toys such as tunnels and exercise wheels, choose a size suitable for rats, ferrets, guinea pigs or rabbits rather than for hamsters or mice, even if you have a small baby rat, as it will soon outgrow these.
To prevent your ratty from getting bored while confined to his cage, change cage accessories often to keep your rat occupied, providing mental stimulation and exercise.